Seq # 450030010

Colias hyale (Linnaeus, 1758) Species

Last modified: Oct. 12, 2021, 5:55 p.m.

A species with a distribution that is mainly central European. A regular migrant to Belgium with yearly fluctuating numbers. After large invasions local populations can thrive for years in Belgium, mainly in the east and the south of the country.


Family: Pieridae > Subfamily: Coliadinae > Tribus: Coliadini > Genus: Colias > Species: Colias hyale
Vernacular names
Gele luzernevlinder (NL), Pale Clouded Yellow (EN), Soufré (FR), Weißklee-Gelbling (DE)
First mention in Belgium
De Sélys-Longchamps E. 1837. Catalogue des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de la Belgique, précédé du tableau des Libellulines de ce pays. — — : 1–29. On page 15 (as Colias hyale). view page


A regular migrant throughout Belgium. Numbers fluctuate from year to year. More common in the east and the south of the country.



Museum specimens

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Specimens in nature


The bionomics are described elaborately on the Butterflies in the Benelux website.

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Flight periods

The adults have been seen from late May towards October in two to three generations, depending on conditions.

Observed on

Host plant (species):
Medicago sativa
Host plant (genera):

The larva lives on Medicago sativa, Medicago lupulina, Lotus corniculatus, Trifolium pratense, Hippocrepis comosa, Coronilla varia and Vicia cracca.

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