Last modified: Jan. 14, 2022, 10:24 a.m.
This is a very rare species in Belgium, not often recorded.
The colour of this moth is predominantly brown, but it can vary from ochreous-yellow through brown to rust-brown. Its wingspan is 12–16 mm. The antennae are ringed alternately till the tip. The base of the antennae is thickened till 1/4 of their length.
The moths have a specialised sclerotised plate carrying small spines on the dorsal side of the first two abdominal segments. This structure is thought to be useful at hatching. It is worth noting that this is the only Western European species having this kind of plate. For a detailed picture of this structure: see on Lepiforum.
See also bladmineerders.be.
The larva of this species feeds on the seeds of Chenopodium album. Initially, the young caterpillar lives in a silken tube between the seed-heads but, later on, adds seed- and flower-fragments to the case. At that moment, in September and October, the cases are the easiest to find. When full-grown, the larva lets itself drop to the ground, leaves the case and constructs a brown and parchment-like cocoon to hibernate.
The adult moths are attracted to light.
The moths fly predominantly in July, sometimes also in the first half of August.