Seq # 350020010

Choreutis nemorana (Hübner, 1799) Species

Last modified: March 17, 2022, 9:31 a.m.

In Belgium recorded for the first time in 2009 (LG). Since then, the species has gradually expanded its area also by the increased use of Ficus carica as an ornamental plant in private gardens.
Hitherto a fairly common species in the northern part of the country and very rare in the south.


Family: Choreutidae > Subfamily: Choreutinae > Genus: Choreutis > Species: Choreutis nemorana
Vernacular names
Vijgenskeletteermot (NL), Fig-leaf skeletoniser (EN), Feigen-Spreizflügelfalter (DE)
First mention in Belgium
De Prins W., Baugnée J.-Y., Georis A., Spronk René & Spronk Raphaël 2014. Choreutis nemorana (Lepidoptera: Choreutidae) well established in Belgium. — Phegea 42(2): 29–32. On page 29. view page




Wingspan: 10–13 mm.

Museum specimens

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Specimens in nature


The caterpillar is yellowish green. Its head capsule is ochreous yellow with two black dots. The first thoracal plate is concolourous with the body and the pinacula are black.



The eggs are deposited singly on the upperside of a leaf.
First instar larvae eat the upper parenchym but leave the underside of the leaf intact. Later instars live under a slight netting or web on the upper surface of a leaf and sometimes move to another leaf. They usually fold the leaf upwards and spin the fold to form a shelter. Larvae of the first generation usually eat holes in the leaves while larvae of the summer generation have also been observed eating on the figs, either just from the outside or boring into the fruit. Larvae react very violently while disturbed and often fall to the ground. The last instars make a longitudinal spun fold at the under side of the leaf, spin a thick silken cocoon in the fold and pupate therein.
The moths are active during the day and can be observed flying around the foodplant. The adults of the summer generation hibernate in thatch, amongst dead leaves or in hedgerows.

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Flight periods

The adults fly in two generations a year: from early May till the beginning of July, and from mid August till early October. The autumn generation is less abundant.

Observed on

Host plant (species):
Ficus carica

Monophagous on Ficus carica.

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Gardens, roadsides and even in cities.

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