Seq # 185120010

Caloptilia alchimiella (Scopoli, 1763) Species

Last modified: Jan. 21, 2024, 4:45 p.m.

A common species throughout Belgium.


Family: Gracillariidae > Subfamily: Gracillariinae > Tribus: Gracillariini > Genus: Caloptilia > Species: Caloptilia alchimiella
Vernacular names
Goudvleksteltmot (NL), Yellow-triangle slender (EN)
Caloptilia franckella (Hübner, 1813) and Caloptilia hilaripennella (Treitschke, 1833)
First mention in Belgium
De Sélys-Longchamps E. 1844. Énumération des insectes Lépidoptères de la Belgique. — Mémoires de la Société royale des Sciences de Liége 2: 1–35. On page 25 (as hilaripennella). view page




Rather easily recognisable by the yellowish triangular spot on the forewing costa of which the outer margin is prolonged towards the apex of the wing. In the similar species Caloptilia robustella, this spot is not prolonged towards the apex.
Other differences: crest on C. alchimiella purple-brown, darker than the thorax; in C. robustella yellowish as the thorax.
Thorax in C. alchimiella gold-yellow with pale purple-brown tegulae; in C. robustella yellowish with same-coloured tegulae.
Forewings of C. alchimiella with sharply defined basal spot; limited in C. robustella diffuse.
External border of the costal spot in C. alchimiella almost ending in the apex; at C. robustella at about five-eighths striking steeply on the costa.
Small and indistinct yellow spot on the tornus (inner angle) present in C. alchimiella, absent in C. robustella.

Museum specimens

Specimens in nature



Underside gallery mine on Quercus leaves.
See also and

No pictures yet!


Eggs are laid on the underside of a leaf. The caterpillar, when young, forms a gallery mine at the underside of a leaf, later it lives in 2 or 3 successive cones, rolled down at the top of a lobe. Pupation under a greenish membrane on the underside of a leaf. The pupa hibernates.
The adults rest on tree trunks during day-time and later come to light.

No pictures yet!

Flight periods

The adults fly from late April till mid August.

Observed on

Host plant (species):
Quercus robur, Quercus petraea and Fagus sylvatica
Host plant (genera):

The caterpillars feed on different species of Quercus, but mainly on Quercus robur. Occasionally also found on Fagus sylvatica.

No pictures yet!


In most of the localities where Quercus trees grow.

No pictures yet!