Seq # 185330050

Phyllonorycter blancardella (Fabricius, 1781) Species

Last modified: Oct. 3, 2020, 12:17 p.m.

A rather rare but locally common species, mainly found in Flanders.


Family: Gracillariidae > Subfamily: Lithocolletinae > Genus: Phyllonorycter > Species: Phyllonorycter blancardella
Vernacular names
Appelvouwmot (NL), Brown apple midget (EN)
Phyllonorycter concomitella (Bankes, 1899)
First mention in Belgium
Lambillion L.-J. 1904c. No title. — Revue mensuelle de la Société entomologique namuroise 4: 43–44. On page 43.




Head ochreous brown; forewing ground colour brown with white pattern, four costal and three dorsal striae.

Museum specimens

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Specimens in nature


Tentiform mine on the underside of the leaf with some folds which turn brownish at the end of the life cycle. The mine is mostly situated between two secondary veins and visible from the upperside by the lighter greenish shade and some brownish spots later on. The frass is contained in a corner of the mine.
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De caterpillar spins a white cocoon inside the mine that contains pieces of frass. Pupa ochreous to brown.

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Most of the time only one mine per leaf, but occasionally many mines on one leaf. The pupae of the second generation hibernate. The adults rest during the day. They are active at dusk and come to light.

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Flight periods

Two generations a year: from mid-April till the end of May and in August.

Observed on

Host plant (species):
Malus sylvestris and Malus domestica
Host plant (genera):

The species prefers wild and several cultivars of Malus sylvestris. It has also been recorded on Mespilus germanica, and very occasionally on Crataegus and possibly on Amelanchier lamarcki.

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Mainly found in old, abandoned apple orchards.

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