Last modified: April 23, 2021, 11:14 a.m.
A common species throughout Belgium.
Forewing ground colour greyish with many small, inconspicuous, whitish striae along the costa and some brown spots near the inner margin. Identification without knowledge of the larval host plant is very difficult because of close resemblance with the other Parornix species; study of the genitalia is necessary.
Yellowish green with light brown head capsule, the dark green intestinal tract is clearly visible; a row of four dark brown spots on the prethoracic plate, the two inner ones larger than the two outer ones (in contrast with the caterpillar of Phyllonorycter coryli which does not have such spots).
The first instar makes a small blotch on the underside of a leaf, mainly in a vein axil. At first, the central part of this blotch remains green because the caterpillar only consumes the outer parenchyma, where the blotch turns brown. Only in a later stage, the central parenchyma is eaten away also turning the mine into a very transparant blotch.
See also gracillariidae.net and bladmineerders.be.
Most of the blackish frass is concentrated in a corner of the mine. After leaving the mine the larve turns a leaf margin upwards and consumes the other plant tissues in this fold. Two successive folds are made.
Pupation within the leaf fold, falling down between leaf litter in autumn.
The adults rest between the foliage during daytime and become active towards dusk and during the night. They come to light.
The adults fly in two generations a year: in May and again in July–August.
The larvae feed on Corylus avellana.