Seq # 260020010

Pancalia leuwenhoekella (Linnaeus, 1761) Species

Last modified: April 30, 2021, 11:08 a.m.

Still a very rare species, but it can be locally fairly common, especially in the chalk and limestone area's in the southern part of Belgium.


Family: Cosmopterigidae > Subfamily: Antequerinae > Genus: Pancalia > Species: Pancalia leuwenhoekella
Vernacular names
Kleine viooltjesmot (NL)
Pancalia schmidtella (Treitschke, 1833)
First mention in Belgium
De Sélys-Longchamps E. 1844. Énumération des insectes Lépidoptères de la Belgique. — Mémoires de la Société royale des Sciences de Liége 2: 1–35. On page 25 (as schmidtella). view page




Museum specimens

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Specimens in nature


The larva lives at first mining in a petiole of the food plant and later in a silken gallery in the rootstock, where it eats the bark.
Pupation in a firm cocoon of silk and detritus on the ground.
The adults are active during the day in bright sun. They fly around the food plants, especially in sunny days.

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Flight periods

The adults fly from mid April till mid June, sometimes as late as mid July.

Observed on

Host plant (species):
Viola hirta and Viola canina

Oligophagous on Violaceae.

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Mainly on chalk and limestone grassland.

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