Seq # 390140070

Synanthedon myopaeformis (Borkhausen, 1789) Species

Last modified: May 20, 2019, 1:06 p.m.


S. myopaeformis is not a rare species in Belgium and can be very common, especially in older orchards.


Details

Classification
Family: Sesiidae > Subfamily: Sesiinae > Tribus: Synanthedonini > Genus: Synanthedon > Species: Synanthedon myopaeformis
Vernacular names
Appelglasvlinder (NL), Red-belted clearwing (EN), Sésie du Pommier (FR), Apfelbaum-Glasflügler (DE)
Synonyms
Synanthedon mutillaeformis (Laspeyres, 1801)
First mention in Belgium
De Sélys-Longchamps E. 1837. Catalogue des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de la Belgique, précédé du tableau des Libellulines de ce pays. — — : 1–29. On page 21.
Status

Native


Distribution


Imago

S. myopaeformis is a medium sized species (14–26 mm). The completely black wings and the red band on the abdomen –which is very slender with the males– are typical for this species. The base of the wings is not diffusely covered with orange-red scales (in contrast with S. culiciformis that is often confused with this species). The female is similar to the male but lacks the slender abdomen. The palps are ventrally pure white in the males and brown to black in the females which is another very useful characteristic distinguishing it from S. culiciformis. In the latter, the palps are ventrally bright orange. The proboscis is, as in all species of this genus, well developed and functional.
The males are very well attracted to the pheromone developed for this species and are best lured in early afternoon although the optimal time span is very weather dependent.

Museum specimens


Specimens in nature


Egg

The egg is elliptically shaped and light orange-brown.

No pictures yet!

Caterpillar

The larva is off-white but is often found almost 'swimming' in sap of the tree. In these cases, the colour of the caterpillar can be more or less pink. The prothoracic shield is light brown while the head is darker brown. As in all Sesiidae, the prolegs have a double wreath of crochets.


Mine

The larva makes irregular galleries and is often found in a flat mine containing a lot of sap of the hostplant.


Cocoon/pupa

The caterpillar pupates in a cocoon made of spun small gnawed plant particles and a silken lining on the inside. The pupa is yellow-brown with a somewhat darker head.


Bionomics

The eggs are deposited in crevices in the bark near cancerous swellings, grafts or wound edges. The larva lives between the wood and bark often at the transition zone between dead and living tissue. The caterpillar often lives in a flat mine that is very moist because of the abundant plant juice. In many cases this sap colours the larva with pink and brown stains. In Belgium, the larva of S. myopaeformis hibernates mostly once but in unfavourable conditions a second wintering is possible. After wintering, a cocoon is constructed made from gnawed plant particles spun together and with a silken lining at the inside. It is not uncommon that the cocoon is located under semi-erect bark pieces.


Flight periods

The adults have been observed from mid May till late August.


Observed on

Host plant (species):
Malus domestica
Host plant (genera):
Prunus, Pyrus, Malus, Crataegus and Sorbus

The larva lives under the bark of a variety of trees, especially old fruit trees of the Rosaceae family, mainly in Malus domestica (and other Malus species) but also in Prunus spp., Crataegus spp., Sorbus spp. and Pyrus spp.


Habitat

This species finds its optimal living conditions in orchards with old apple trees but also orchards with low-stem trees offer good circumstances. Single and isolated fruit trees in gardens or trees along roads can be infested too.